Juni Ein Sieger der EM in Frankreich steht jetzt schon fest: Die irischen Fans haben sich EM Warum man die Iren einfach gernhaben muss!. Dieser Artikel behandelt die Irische Fußballnationalmannschaft bei der Europameisterschaft in Polen und der Ukraine. Die irische Mannschaft nahm zum. Dieser Artikel behandelt die irische Nationalmannschaft bei der Fußball- Europameisterschaft in Frankreich. Für Irland war es die dritte Teilnahme. Retrieved 26 March Its capital is Dublin. His most influential work was Aether and Matter, a book livescore ergebnisse gestern theoretical physics published in His replacement, Liam Tuohydid a somewhat better in the qualificationand more importantly oversaw major improvements to the national team's que viva la fiesta casino barriere facilities and persuaded many English coin of gods spielen sides to end their policies of not releasing Irish players for international games during the domestic season. A limited edition grey shirt was used just once, in a match against Wales on 17 November The game has been played in an organised fashion in Ireland since the s, with Cliftonville F. Ray Houghton of Liverpool scored Beste Spielothek in Im Klauberg finden only goal of the match as Ireland recorded a memorable and historic victory. The Karst of Ireland: Large-scale emigration marked most of the post-WWII period particularly during the s and sbut beginning in the economy improved, and the s dennis diekmeier gehalt the beginning of substantial economic growth. Because of its mild climate, many species, including sub-tropical species such as palm treesare grown in Ireland. Inthe Republic of Ireland team made history promo codes casino online selecting Manchester United full-back Shay Brennan for the senior national team. UEFAhowever, announced a special award for the fans of the Irish team, who notably sang in the last few minutes against Spain, despite trailing 4—0. Archived from fußball live stream ipad original on 16 December The FAI logo appears at the bottom of the sex dates app.
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Extinct species include the Irish elk , the great auk , brown bear and the wolf. Some previously extinct birds, such as the golden eagle , been reintroduced in about the year after decades of extirpation.
Forests today cover about As of , the Republic is one of the least forested countries in Europe. Gorse Ulex europaeus , a wild furze , is commonly found growing in the uplands and ferns are plentiful in the more moist regions, especially in the western parts.
It is home to hundreds of plant species, some of them unique to the island, and has been "invaded" by some grasses, such as Spartina anglica.
The algal and seaweed flora is that of the cold-temperate variety. The total number of species is  and is distributed as follows:.
The island has been invaded by some algae, some of which are now well established. Because of its mild climate, many species, including sub-tropical species such as palm trees , are grown in Ireland.
The island itself can be subdivided into two ecoregions: The long history of agricultural production, coupled with modern intensive agricultural methods such as pesticide and fertiliser use and runoff from contaminants into streams, rivers and lakes, impact the natural fresh-water ecosystems and have placed pressure on biodiversity in Ireland.
A land of green fields for crop cultivation and cattle rearing limits the space available for the establishment of native wild species.
Hedgerows, however, traditionally used for maintaining and demarcating land boundaries, act as a refuge for native wild flora. This ecosystem stretches across the countryside and acts as a network of connections to preserve remnants of the ecosystem that once covered the island.
Subsidies under the Common Agricultural Policy , which supported agricultural practices that preserved hedgerow environments, are undergoing reforms.
The Common Agricultural Policy had in the past subsidised potentially destructive agricultural practices, for example by emphasising production without placing limits on indiscriminate use of fertilisers and pesticides; but reforms have gradually decoupled subsidies from production levels and introduced environmental and other requirements.
Forest covers about Remnants of native forest can be found scattered around the island, in particular in the Killarney National Park. Natural areas require fencing to prevent over-grazing by deer and sheep that roam over uncultivated areas.
Grazing in this manner is one of the main factors preventing the natural regeneration of forests across many regions of the country.
People have lived in Ireland for over 9, years. The different eras are termed mesolithic , neolithic , Bronze Age , and Iron Age.
Many survived into late medieval times, others vanished as they became politically unimportant. Over the past years, Vikings , Normans , Welsh , Flemings , Scots , English , Africans , Eastern Europeans and South Americans have all added to the population and have had significant influences on Irish culture.
Ireland's largest religious group is Christianity. The population of Ireland rose rapidly from the 16th century until the midth century, interrupted briefly by the Famine of , which killed roughly two fifths of the island's population.
The population rebounded and multiplied over the next century, but another devastating famine in the s caused one million deaths and forced over one million more to emigrate in its immediate wake.
Over the following century the population was reduced by over half, at a time when the general trend in European countries was for populations to rise by an average of three-fold.
Traditionally, Ireland is subdivided into four provinces: Connacht west , Leinster east , Munster south , and Ulster north.
In a system that developed between the 13th and 17th centuries,  Ireland has 32 traditional counties. Twenty-six of these counties are in the Republic of Ireland and six are in Northern Ireland.
The six counties that constitute Northern Ireland are all in the province of Ulster which has nine counties in total. As such, Ulster is often used as a synonym for Northern Ireland, although the two are not coterminous.
In the Republic of Ireland, counties form the basis of the system of local government. Counties Dublin , Cork , Limerick , Galway , Waterford and Tipperary have been broken up into smaller administrative areas.
However, they are still treated as counties for cultural and some official purposes, for example postal addresses and by the Ordnance Survey Ireland.
Counties in Northern Ireland are no longer used for local governmental purposes,  but, as in the Republic, their traditional boundaries are still used for informal purposes such as sports leagues and in cultural or tourism contexts.
City status in Ireland is decided by legislative or royal charter. Dublin , with over 1 million residents in the Greater Dublin Area , is the largest city on the island.
Belfast, with , residents, is the largest city in Northern Ireland. City status does not directly equate with population size.
For example, Armagh , with 14, is the seat of the Church of Ireland and the Roman Catholic Primate of All Ireland and was re-granted city status by Queen Elizabeth II in having lost that status in local government reforms of In the Republic of Ireland, Kilkenny , seat of the Butler dynasty , while no longer a city for administrative purposes since the Local Government Act , is entitled by law to continue to use the description.
The population of Ireland collapsed dramatically during the second half of the 19th century. A population of over 8 million in was reduced to slightly more than 4 million by In part, the fall in population was due to death from the Great Famine of to , which took about 1 million lives.
However, by far the greater cause of population decline was the dire economic state of the country which led to an entrenched culture of emigration lasting until the 21st century.
Emigration from Ireland in the 19th century contributed to the populations of England, the United States, Canada and Australia, where a large Irish diaspora lives.
As of [update] , 4. The Protestants' ancestors arrived primarily in the colonial era, while Catholics are primarily descended from immigrants of the 19th century.
Irish leaders have been prominent in the Catholic Church in the United States for over years. The Irish have been leaders in the Presbyterian and Methodist traditions, as well.
With growing prosperity since the last decade of the 20th century, Ireland became a destination for immigrants. Since the European Union expanded to include Poland in , Polish people have made up the largest number of immigrants over ,  from Central Europe.
There has also been significant immigration from Lithuania , the Czech Republic and Latvia. Up to 50, eastern and central European migrant workers left Ireland in response to the Irish financial crisis.
The two official languages of the Republic of Ireland are Irish and English. Each language has produced a noteworthy literature. Irish, though now only the language of a minority, was the vernacular of the Irish people for over two thousand years and was possibly introduced during the Iron Age.
It began to be written down after Christianisation in the 5th century and spread to Scotland and the Isle of Man where it evolved into the Scottish Gaelic and Manx languages respectively.
The Irish language has a vast treasury of written texts from many centuries, and is divided by linguists into Old Irish from the 6th to 10th century, Middle Irish from the 10th to 13th century, Early Modern Irish until the 17th century, and the Modern Irish spoken today.
It remained the dominant language of Ireland for most of those periods, having influences from Latin , Old Norse , French and English.
It declined under British rule but remained the majority tongue until the early 19th century, and since then has been a minority language.
The Gaelic Revival of the early twentieth century has had a long-term influence. They represent an expanding demographic, with their own schools called Gaelscoileanna and their own social media.
It has been argued that they tend to be more highly educated than monolingual English speakers, with better employment prospects and higher social status.
Traditional rural Irish-speaking areas, known collectively as the Gaeltacht , are in linguistic decline. The main Gaeltacht areas are in the west, south-west and north-west.
English in Ireland was first introduced during the Norman invasion. It was spoken by a few peasants and merchants brought over from England, and was largely replaced by Irish before the Tudor conquest of Ireland.
It was introduced as the official language with the Tudor and Cromwellian conquests. The Ulster plantations gave it a permanent foothold in Ulster, and it remained the official and upper-class language elsewhere, the Irish-speaking chieftains and nobility having been deposed.
Language shift during the 19th century replaced Irish with English as the first language for a vast majority of the population.
Shelta , the language of the nomadic Irish Travellers is native to Ireland. Ireland's culture comprises elements of the culture of ancient peoples, later immigrant and broadcast cultural influences chiefly Gaelic culture , Anglicisation , Americanisation and aspects of broader European culture.
This combination of cultural influences is visible in the intricate designs termed Irish interlace or Celtic knotwork. These can be seen in the ornamentation of medieval religious and secular works.
The style is still popular today in jewellery and graphic art,  as is the distinctive style of traditional Irish music and dance, and has become indicative of modern "Celtic" culture in general.
Religion has played a significant role in the cultural life of the island since ancient times and since the 17th century plantations , has been the focus of political identity and divisions on the island.
Ireland's pre-Christian heritage fused with the Celtic Church following the missions of Saint Patrick in the 5th century.
These missions brought written language to an illiterate population of Europe during the Dark Ages that followed the fall of Rome , earning Ireland the sobriquet, "the island of saints and scholars".
Since the 20th century the Irish pubs worldwide have become, especially those with a full range of cultural and gastronomic offerings, outposts of Irish culture.
The Republic of Ireland's national theatre is the Abbey Theatre , which was founded in , and the national Irish-language theatre is An Taibhdhearc , which was established in in Galway.
Ireland has made a large contribution to world literature in all its branches, both in Irish and English.
Poetry in Irish is among the oldest vernacular poetry in Europe, with the earliest examples dating from the 6th century. Irish remained the dominant literary language down to the nineteenth century, despite the spread of English from the seventeenth century on.
The latter part of the nineteenth century saw a rapid replacement of Irish by English. By , however, cultural nationalists had begun the Gaelic revival , which saw the beginnings of a modern literature in Irish.
Other notable eighteenth century writers of Irish origin included Oliver Goldsmith and Richard Brinsley Sheridan , though they spent most of their lives in England.
The playwright and poet Oscar Wilde , noted for his epigrams, was born in Ireland. In the 20th century, Ireland produced four winners of the Nobel Prize for Literature: Although not a Nobel Prize winner, James Joyce is widely considered to be one of the most significant writers of the 20th century.
Joyce's novel Ulysses is considered one of the most important works of Modernist literature and his life is celebrated annually on 16 June in Dublin as " Bloomsday ".
Music has been in evidence in Ireland since prehistoric times. Outside religious establishments, musical genres in early Gaelic Ireland are referred to as a triad of weeping music goltraige , laughing music geantraige and sleeping music suantraige.
Classical music following European models first developed in urban areas, in establishments of Anglo-Irish rule such as Dublin Castle , St Patrick's Cathedral and Christ Church as well as the country houses of the Anglo-Irish ascendancy, with the first performance of Handel 's Messiah being among the highlights of the baroque era.
In the 19th century, public concerts provided access to classical music to all classes of society. Yet, for political and financial reasons Ireland has been too small to provide a living to many musicians, so the names of the better-known Irish composers of this time belong to emigrants.
Irish traditional music and dance has seen a surge in popularity and global coverage since the s. In the middle years of the 20th century, as Irish society was modernising, traditional music had fallen out of favour, especially in urban areas.
Groups and musicians including Horslips , Van Morrison and Thin Lizzy incorporated elements of Irish traditional music into contemporary rock music and, during the s and s, the distinction between traditional and rock musicians became blurred, with many individuals regularly crossing over between these styles of playing.
The earliest known Irish graphic art and sculpture are Neolithic carvings found at sites such as Newgrange  and is traced through Bronze age artefacts and the religious carvings and illuminated manuscripts of the medieval period.
During the course of the 19th and 20th centuries, a strong tradition of painting emerged, including such figures as John Butler Yeats , William Orpen , Jack Yeats and Louis le Brocquy.
The Irish philosopher and theologian Johannes Scotus Eriugena was considered one of the leading intellectuals of the early Middle Ages.
Sir Ernest Henry Shackleton , an Irish explorer, was one of the principal figures of Antarctic exploration.
He, along with his expedition, made the first ascent of Mount Erebus and the discovery of the approximate location of the South Magnetic Pole.
Robert Boyle was a 17th-century natural philosopher, chemist, physicist, inventor and early gentleman scientist. He is largely regarded one of the founders of modern chemistry and is best known for the formulation of Boyle's law.
Father Nicholas Joseph Callan , Professor of Natural Philosophy in Maynooth College , is best known for his invention of the induction coil , transformer and he discovered an early method of galvanisation in the 19th century.
With Sir John Douglas Cockcroft , he was the first to split the nucleus of the atom by artificial means and made contributions to the development of a new theory of wave equation.
Sir Joseph Larmor , a physicist and mathematician, made innovations in the understanding of electricity, dynamics, thermodynamics and the electron theory of matter.
His most influential work was Aether and Matter, a book on theoretical physics published in George Johnstone Stoney introduced the term electron in John Stewart Bell was the originator of Bell's Theorem and a paper concerning the discovery of the Bell-Jackiw-Adler anomaly and was nominated for a Nobel prize.
Notable mathematicians include Sir William Rowan Hamilton , famous for work in classical mechanics and the invention of quaternions.
Francis Ysidro Edgeworth 's contribution of the Edgeworth Box remains influential in neo-classical microeconomic theory to this day; while Richard Cantillon inspired Adam Smith , among others.
Cosgrave was a specialist in number theory and discovered a digit prime number in and a record composite Fermat number in John Lighton Synge made progress in different fields of science, including mechanics and geometrical methods in general relativity.
He had mathematician John Nash as one of his students. Kathleen Lonsdale , born in Ireland and most known for her work with crystallography , became the first female president of the British Association for the Advancement of Science.
Ireland has nine universities, seven in the Republic of Ireland and two in Northern Ireland, including Trinity College, Dublin and the University College Dublin , as well as numerous third-level colleges and institutes and a branch of the Open University, the Open University in Ireland.
Gaelic football is the most popular sport in Ireland in terms of match attendance and community involvement, with about 2, clubs on the island.
The island fields a single international team in most sports. One notable exception to this is association football, although both associations continued to field international teams under the name "Ireland" until the s.
The sport is also the most notable exception where the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland field separate international teams. Northern Ireland has produced two World Snooker Champions.
Gaelic football , hurling and handball are the best-known of the Irish traditional sports, collectively known as Gaelic games. Gaelic games are governed by the Gaelic Athletic Association GAA , with the exception of ladies' Gaelic football and camogie women's variant of hurling , which are governed by separate organisations.
During the redevelopment of the Lansdowne Road stadium in —10, international rugby and soccer were played there.
The game has been played in an organised fashion in Ireland since the s, with Cliftonville F. It was most popular, especially in its first decades, around Belfast and in Ulster.
However, some clubs based outside Belfast thought that the IFA largely favoured Ulster-based clubs in such matters as selection for the national team.
However, both the IFA and FAI continued to select their teams from the whole of Ireland, with some players earning international caps for matches with both teams.
Both also referred to their respective teams as Ireland. In , FIFA directed the associations only to select players from within their respective territories and, in , directed that the FAI's team be known only as " Republic of Ireland " and that the IFA's team be known as " Northern Ireland " with certain exceptions.
Northern Ireland qualified for the World Cup finals in reaching the quarter-finals , and and the European Championship in The Republic qualified for the World Cup finals in reaching the quarter-finals , , and the European Championships in , and Across Ireland, there is significant interest in the English and, to a lesser extent, Scottish soccer leagues.
Unlike soccer, Ireland continues to field a single national rugby team and a single association, the Irish Rugby Football Union IRFU , governs the sport across the island.
The Irish rugby team have played in every Rugby World Cup , making the quarter-finals in six of them. Ireland also hosted games during the and the Rugby World Cups including a quarter-final.
There are four professional Irish teams; all four play in the Pro14 and at least three compete for the Heineken Cup. Irish rugby has become increasingly competitive at both the international and provincial levels since the sport went professional in During that time, Ulster ,  Munster  and  and Leinster , and  have won the Heineken Cup.
In addition to this, the Irish International side has had increased success in the Six Nations Championship against the other European elite sides.
This success, including Triple Crowns in , and , culminated with a clean sweep of victories, known as a Grand Slam , in and Horse racing and greyhound racing are both popular in Ireland.
There are frequent horse race meetings and greyhound stadiums are well-attended. The island is noted for the breeding and training of race horses and is also a large exporter of racing dogs.
Irish athletics has seen a heightened success rate since the year , with Sonia O'Sullivan winning two medals at 5, metres on the track; gold at the World Championships and silver at the Sydney Olympics.
Olive Loughnane won a silver medal in the 20k walk in the World Athletics Championships in Berlin in Ireland has won more medals in boxing than in any other Olympic sport.
Boxing is governed by the Irish Athletic Boxing Association. In Kenneth Egan won a silver medal in the Beijing Games. Katie Taylor has won gold in every European and World championship since Golf is very popular, and golf tourism is a major industry attracting more than , golfing visitors annually.
Three golfers from Northern Ireland have been particularly successful. Open , and the first European to win that tournament since Rory McIlroy , at the age of 22, won the U.
The west coast of Ireland, Lahinch and Donegal Bay in particular, have popular surfing beaches, being fully exposed to the Atlantic Ocean.
Since just before the year , Bundoran has hosted European championship surfing. Scuba diving is increasingly popular in Ireland with clear waters and large populations of sea life, particularly along the western seaboard.
There are also many shipwrecks along the coast of Ireland, with some of the best wreck dives being in Malin Head and off the County Cork coast.
The temperate Irish climate is suited to sport angling. While salmon and trout fishing remain popular with anglers, salmon fishing in particular received a boost in with the closing of the salmon driftnet fishery.
Coarse fishing continues to increase its profile. Sea angling is developed with many beaches mapped and signposted,  and the range of sea angling species is around Food and cuisine in Ireland takes its influence from the crops grown and animals farmed in the island's temperate climate and from the social and political circumstances of Irish history.
For example, whilst from the Middle Ages until the arrival of the potato in the 16th century the dominant feature of the Irish economy was the herding of cattle, the number of cattle a person owned was equated to their social standing.
For this reason, pork and white meat were more common than beef and thick fatty strips of salted bacon known as rashers and the eating of salted butter i.
All of these influences can be seen today in the phenomenon of the " breakfast roll ". The introduction of the potato in the second half of the 16th century heavily influenced cuisine thereafter.
Great poverty encouraged a subsistence approach to food and by the midth century the vast majority of the population sufficed with a diet of potatoes and milk.
Since the last quarter of the 20th century, with a re-emergence of wealth in Ireland, a "New Irish Cuisine" based on traditional ingredients incorporating international influences  has emerged.
An example of this new cuisine is "Dublin Lawyer": Traditional regional foods can be found throughout the country, for example coddle in Dublin or drisheen in Cork, both a type of sausage, or blaa , a doughy white bread particular to Waterford.
Irish whiskey, as researched in by the CNBC American broadcaster, remains popular domestically and has grown in international sales steadily over a few decades.
Stout , a kind of porter beer , particularly Guinness , is typically associated with Ireland, although historically it was more closely associated with London.
Porter remains very popular, although it has lost sales since the midth century to lager. Cider , particularly Magners marketed in the Republic of Ireland as Bulmers , is also a popular drink.
Red lemonade , a soft-drink, is consumed on its own and as a mixer, particularly with whiskey. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
This article is about the island in Europe. For the sovereign state of the same name, see Republic of Ireland. For the part of the United Kingdom, see Northern Ireland.
For other uses, see Ireland disambiguation. Part of a series on the. Prehistory Protohistory — — — — — — Timeline of Irish history. History of Ireland — Bruce campaign in Ireland.
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. Economy of the Republic of Ireland. International Financial Services Centre.
Tourist destinations in Ireland. Culture of Ireland and Culture of Northern Ireland. List of Irish sports people.
Islands portal Europe portal Ireland portal. Burke said 80, to , Archived from the original on 24 November Retrieved 11 November Journal of Marine and Island Cultures.
Retrieved 28 June Highlights from Census Part 1". Retrieved 28 May Archived from the original PDF on 24 December Retrieved 2 February These are Census data from the official governmental statistics agencies in the respective jurisdictions: Central Statistics Office, Ireland April Central Statistics Office, Ireland.
Retrieved 31 December Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency United Nations Environment Programme. Retrieved 30 August Retrieved 24 October Retrieved 7 May Retrieved 21 March Drowning the Myth of an Irish Land-bridge?
Retrieved 19 July Investigations into the social archaeology of the Mesolithic, west of the Shannon, Ireland".
Landscapes of Neolithic Ireland. Retrieved 27 June Office of Public Works. Retrieved 23 October Retrieved 17 May Koch; Barry Cunliffe, eds. Celtic from the West: Oxbow Books and Celtic Studies Publications.
Retrieved 28 October Insularity and Connectivity in Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society 75, , pp. Irish Government Stationery Office.
Archived from the original PDF on 19 March Archived from the original PDF on 21 July Retrieved 1 August Three draws in the group stage against England, Egypt and the Netherlands was enough to make the knockout stage.
Virtually the entire country watched as they beat Romania on penalties, with Packie Bonner making a vital save and David O'Leary scoring the decisive spot-kick.
Ireland were then beaten 1—0 by hosts Italy in the quarter-final at the Stadio Olimpico in Rome. After missing out on Euro despite being unbeaten in qualifying , the Republic of Ireland qualified for the World Cup , held in the United States.
In their first match, they beat the previous World Cup hosts and third-place finishers, Italy, 1—0 in their opening game at Giants Stadium just outside New York City, but lost to Mexico 2—1 at the Citrus Bowl in the heat and humidity of Orlando, Florida.
With these results, they made it to the second round, eventually losing 2—0 to the Netherlands in Orlando. In , Ireland finished second behind Portugal in Euro qualifying's Group 6 , but narrowly missed out on Euro after losing 2—0 in a play-off, played at Anfield between the two worst group runners-up, to the Netherlands the other worst runner-up , with Patrick Kluivert scoring both goals to send his team through.
Charlton was replaced by Mick McCarthy but Ireland still missed out on the next two major tournaments. Ireland just managed to finish second to Romania in their World Cup qualification campaign after Tony Cascarino scored a late goal to win the away match with Lithuania.
Ireland took on both Portugal and the Netherlands in World Cup qualifiers in UEFA's Group 2 , ending the group in second place with 24 points from 10 matches seven victories and three draws.
The match in Dublin finished in a 2—0 victory to Ireland with goals from Ian Harte penalty and Robbie Keane , while the match in Tehran , played in front of , spectators, finished in a 1—0 win for Iran.
After a poor start to qualifying for Euro , McCarthy was replaced by Brian Kerr , but he too struggled to guide the side to the tournament or the subsequent World Cup in Germany, and was ultimately sacked in October Giovanni Trapattoni was appointed manager in February following a spell with assistant coach Don Givens in charge.
Ireland went down 1—0 in the first leg, and lost 2—1 on aggregate , with William Gallas scoring a controversial goal in extra time in the second leg after Thierry Henry had handled the ball before crossing for Gallas to score.
In , Ireland hosted and won the inaugural Nations Cup with wins against Wales, Northern Ireland and Scotland without conceding a goal.
In their Euro qualifying group , Ireland finished second, losing only the home fixture against Russia. They thus reached the play-offs and were drawn against Estonia , whom they beat 5—1 on aggregate.
Euro was Ireland's first major tournament since , but in Group C they lost all three matches, against Croatia, Spain and Italy.
UEFA , however, announced a special award for the fans of the Irish team, who notably sang in the last few minutes against Spain, despite trailing 4—0.
Ireland then lost against Sweden and Austria in early September , effectively ending the qualification campaign, and Giovanni Trapattoni resigned as team manager the following day.
They assumed their roles when the team met on 11 November where they won against Latvia 3—0 and drew against Poland 0—0.
Shane Long scored the game's only goal with an excellent finish  in the 70th minute, rewarding the Republic of Ireland's impressive defensive display.
The Republic of Ireland, however, lost 2—1,  thus entering them into the play-offs. In the second leg played at the Aviva Stadium, Jonathan Walters scored two goals leading to a 2—0 victory for the Irish.
In the end, Ireland won the play-off 3—1 on aggregate , qualifying them for Euro At the Nouveau Stade de Bordeaux against Belgium, the Belgians cruised to a 3—0 victory after two goals from Romelu Lukaku and one from Axel Witsel , leaving Ireland needing to win their final match against Italy to qualify for the knockout stage.
Against Italy at the Stade Pierre-Mauroy in Villeneuve-d'Ascq , Lille , Ireland played strongly but were five minutes plus stoppage time away from elimination when Robbie Brady headed in Hoolahan's cross.
The Republic held on to win 1—0, sending Ireland through as one of the four best third-place teams. On 26 June, Ireland played France in the round of 16 in Lyon.
Ireland started qualifying strongly with a well-fought 2—2 draw away to Serbia preceding two impressive victories over Georgia and Moldova.
However, a run of three draws against Wales, Austria and Georgia followed by a devastating 1—0 loss at home to Serbia looked to have diminished any chances of the Republic of Ireland qualifying for the FIFA World Cup.
The Republic of Ireland were soon back on form however after securing a 2—0 victory at home to Moldova thanks to a brace from Daryl Murphy.
On 9 October , Ireland defeated Wales 1—0 in Cardiff to qualify for the qualification play-offs after a James McClean goal fired Ireland to second place in the group.
In the first leg of the play-offs on 11 November, Ireland drew 0—0 against Denmark in Copenhagen. Traditionally, the team has played in a home strip of green shirt, white shorts and green socks.
The second strip is usually the reverse of these colours, although there have been exceptions, such as an orange shirt in the late s.
Squad numbers are either white with an orange trim, on the home shirts, or green with an orange trim. The FAI logo appears at the bottom of the numbering.
A limited edition grey shirt was used just once, in a match against Wales on 17 November The previous kit was supplied by Umbro since In March , Umbro signed a deal with the FAI to keep them as kit suppliers to the team until The ground was closed for redevelopment in , with the replacement ground, the Aviva Stadium , opening on 14 May The Aviva Stadium's status as an all-seater increased capacity for competitive games to 51, The opening game at the Aviva Stadium, a controversial 1—0 friendly defeat to Argentina , was noted for Robbie Keane securing his membership in the FIFA Century Club and manager Giovanni Trapattoni 's absence due to surgery, with assistant manager Marco Tardelli taking charge.
With the announcement of the rebuilding of Lansdowne Road, a new venue was required to stage the Republic of Ireland's home internationals.
To accommodate this, the GAA temporarily relaxed its rule governing the playing of "foreign" games on its property. The Hill 16 end of Croke Park is a terrace, which means like Lansdowne Road before it, the capacity of the stadium was reduced to around 74, for competitive matches as temporary seating must be used.
Prior to the s, the Republic of Ireland played most home games at Dalymount Park , home of Bohemians , but progressively more games were played at Lansdowne Road following a safety review which reduced Dalymount's capacity.
The last international match played there was against Morocco in These games in Cork were, until , the only two home Irish internationals played outside of Dublin.
During the construction of the Aviva Stadium , two friendly games were played in Thomond Park , Limerick , in The selection    of young players born in Northern Ireland, especially those who have already represented Northern Ireland at youth level, into Republic of Ireland national teams has been controversial,  as these players are able to claim Irish nationality even though born and brought up outside the Republic's territory.
This has led to accusations of unfairness and predatory behaviour. The senior men's management team includes: The following players have also been called up to the Republic of Ireland squad within the last 12 months.
Ireland Competed as " Irish Free State ". Belgium became the first player anywhere to score 4 goals in a World Cup match.
During qualification for the World Cup , Ireland reached their first play-off against Spain. Goal difference did not count, so a play-off was contested at the Stade Colombes , Paris, and Ireland failed to progress.
Ireland almost qualified but lost on goal difference to France in a tough and tight group. Fans lamented some controversial refereeing decisions .
For the World Cup , Ireland reached the quarter finals of the tournament for the first time in their history. Ireland played England in the first drawing 1—1.
The match ended 0—0 and Ireland won on penalties 5—4 which sent Ireland into the quarter-final showdown against the tournament host Italy.
There Ireland lost 1—0 via a Salvatore Schillaci goal in the 38th minute that sent the Irish out of the competition. In , Ireland participated in their second consecutive World Cup.
Ireland won their first game against Italy which was the first time Ireland had won a World Cup match and their first ever victory over Italy with a spectacular goal from Ray Houghton.
Ireland lost against Mexico in the second group match and drew with Norway but still made to the knockout phase where they faced the Netherlands.
For the qualification campaign, Ireland scraped into the play-offs largely due to Tony Cascarino 's seven goals in ten games. They lost in the play-off against Belgium , drawing 1—1 in the first leg then losing 2—1 in the second leg.
Ireland went the whole campaign unbeaten, beating the Netherlands 1—0 in the process courtesy of a Jason McAteer goal that helped Ireland qualify.
At the start of the tournament, captain Roy Keane and manager Mick McCarthy where involved in a "bust up" and Keane was sent home. Despite this, McCarthy did not call up a replacement and continued with 22 players.
Ireland drew in their first match against Cameroon and in their second match they drew again against the tournaments runner up Germany.
In Ireland's final group match, they defeated Saudi Arabia , their second ever victory in a World Cup and progressed them to the round of Ireland met Spain and lost in penalty shootout.
With failure to qualify for the World Cup , Ireland reached a play-off against France for a place at the World Cup.
France's Thierry Henry 's handball stirred international controversy after the move set up William Gallas to score in extra-time of the second leg of the play-off; the referee did not notice and allowed the goal to stand, leading to widespread media controversy, protests at the French embassy in Dublin and comments from senior government officials from both countries.
Ireland reached the quarter finals of the European Nations Cup. Ireland did not qualify for a European Championship until Euro On 12 June in Stuttgart , the Irish team took to the pitch in its first match at a major championship finals against England.
Ray Houghton of Liverpool scored the only goal of the match as Ireland recorded a memorable and historic victory. Unfortunately for both Whelan and Ireland the lead was cancelled out midway through the second half by Oleh Protasov as the match ended in a 1—1 draw.
It was not until that Ireland clinched a place at another European Championship, qualifying for Euro with a 5—1 aggregate victory over Estonia.
Ireland qualified to Euro following a play-off victory over Bosnia and Herzegovina. However, a 1—0 victory over Italy in their final game, courtesy of a late header from Robbie Brady , earned the side a spot in the round of 16, the first time the team had ever advanced from the group stage at a European Championship.
In the round of 16, Ireland faced the hosts France and, after taking an early lead through a Brady penalty, were beaten 2—1.
The team's head-to-head records against all 78 nations whom they have played to date, including friendly internationals: Azerbaijan , Kosovo , Slovenia and Ukraine.
They then drew 1—1 at home to Scotland, before winning 3 games in a row against Gibraltar, Georgia and Germany; 4—0, 1—0 and 1—0 respectively.
Shane Long scored the memorable winner against the World Champions Germany. However, in their last group game, they lost 2—1 away to Poland and missed out on an qualifying spot, finishing third in the group and advancing to the play-offs.
They were drawn against Bosnia and Herzegovina in the play-offs. They drew the first leg away 1—1, and won the second leg 2—0, winning 3—1 on aggregate and qualifying for UEFA Euro in France.
Republic of Ireland goal tally first. Between and , a committee of selectors chose the team, on occasions a coach or team manager was appointed; Mick Meagan was the first manager to actually select the team.
Roy Keane was team captain from to He is now the assistant manager. Shay Given is Ireland's second-most capped player and played in two major tournaments.
Richard Dunne played in 2 major championships and won 80 caps. Lonely Planet's Best in Travel ! Share If you see something that you like you can save it to your Scrapbook.
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